Cancer treatment is the use of surgery, radiation, medications and other therapies to cure cancer, shrink cancer or stop the progression of cancer.
Many cancer treatments exist. Depending on your particular situation, you may receive one treatment, or you may receive a combination of treatments.
The goal of cancer treatment is to find a cure for your cancer, thus letting you live a long and healthy life. If the cancer is incurable, then the medical professionals focus on the treatment regime on managing your symptoms and lengthening your life.
Chemotherapy is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment. This procedure involves using potent drugs to kill the fast-growing cancer cells in our body. Doing this helps kill unwanted tumour cells, shrink a tumour before surgically removing it, or relieve cancer symptoms.
Since chemotherapy involves using different kinds of drugs that are strong, it may bring about side effects based on the type of drug being used.
A pap smear or a Papanicolaou test is a test conducted to detect if there is any indication of cancer or any precancerous process in the cervix. In a pap smear, cells are taken from the cervix, the narrow ending of the uterus. Should anything abnormal be found, the doctor conducts many more procedures and tries employing methods to prevent cervical cancer.
Doctors suggest that this test be conducted every three years by women between the ages of 21 - 65. A woman who is above the age of 65 or has had a hysterectomy, i.e. have had their uterus removed, needn't have a pap smear.
This type of treatment is also used in the treatment of cancers. This method of treatment involves boosting the body's natural defence systems to fight cancer. This form of treatment focuses on the immune system rather than cancer directly. Immunotherapy focuses on slowing or entirely stopping the growth of cancer cells or preventing it from spreading to different parts of the body. Some common forms of immunotherapy include Monoclonal antibodies and tumour-agnostic therapies, Non-specific immunotherapies, Oncolytic virus therapy, T-cell therapy or cancer vaccines.
Preventive cancer screening involves checking your body for cancer before you have symptoms. Getting regular screening tests may help notice precancerous cells in the breast, cervical, lungs and colorectal (colon) cancers. Cancer treatment works best if you detect possible cancerous cells. Standard screening tests include a pap smear, mammograms, etc.
The HPV vaccine helps protect you against certain types of HPV that can lead to cancer or genital warts. All people ages 9 to 45 can get the vaccine. Doctors recommended that children get the vaccine at age 11 or 12, so they're fully protected years before they become sexually active. The most common side effect is temporary pain and redness where you get the shot.